Preservation and conservation (Definition)

Preservationis the processes and operations involved in ensuring records are stored and safeguarded from, and preventing any, loss of information because of obsolescence, degradation, damage, and/or deterioration irrespective of the retention status of the records.
Conservationis the direct intervention by a specialist on the structure or physical make-up of a damaged or at-risk document or record to ensure its continued survival without further degradation.
This is usually in the form of remedial treatments or repair, mostly on an individual basis but using the least amount of intervention possible and may include preservation, restoration, examination, documentation, research, advice, treatment, preventive conservation, training and education.

Last Reviewed: 14 December 2017